Development of a NanoBRET assay to validate inhibitors of Sirt2-mediated lysine deacetylation and defatty-acylation that block prostate cancer cell migration†
Sirtuin2 (Sirt2) with its NAD+-dependent deacetylase and defatty-acylase activities plays a central role in the regulation of specific cellular functions. Dysregulation of Sirt2 activity has been associated with the pathogenesis of many diseases, thus making Sirt2 a promising target for pharmaceutical intervention. Herein, we present new high affinity Sirt2 selective Sirtuin-Rearranging Ligands (SirReals) that inhibit both Sirt2-dependent deacetylation and defatty-acylation in vitro and in cells. We show that simultaneous inhibition of both Sirt2 activities results in strongly reduced levels of the oncoprotein c-Myc and an inhibition of cancer cell migration. Furthermore, we describe the development of a NanoBRET-based assay for Sirt2, thereby providing a method to study cellular target engagement for Sirt2 in a straightforward and accurately quantifiable manner. Applying this assay, we could confirm cellular Sirt2 binding of our new Sirt2 inhibitors and correlate their anticancer effects with their cellular target engagement.