Engineering Sr-doping for enabling long-term stable FAPb1−xSrxI3 quantum dots with 100% photoluminescence quantum yield†
The Pb substitution in quantum dots (PQDs) with lesser toxic metals has been widely searched to be environmentally friendly, and be of comparable or improved performance compared to the lead-perovskite. However, the chemical nature of the lead substitute influences the incorporation mechanism into PQDs, which has not been explored in depth. In this work, we analyzed Sr-doping-induced changes in FAPbI3 perovskites by studying the optical, structural properties and chemical environment of FAPb1−xSrxI3 PQDs. The substitution of Pb by 7 at% Sr allows us to achieve FAPb1−xSrxI3 PQDs with 100% PLQY, high stability for 8 months under a relative humidity of 40–50%, and T80 = 6.5 months, one of the highest values reported for halide PQDs under air ambient conditions. FAPb0.93Sr0.07I3 PQDs also exhibit photobrightening under UV illumination for 12 h, recovering 100% PLQY at 15 days after synthesis. The suppression of structural defects mediated by Sr-doping decreases the non-radiative recombination mechanism. By attempting to increase the Sr content in PQDs, a mixture of 2D nanoplatelets/3D nanocubes has emerged, caused by a high Pb deficiency during the FAPb1−xSrxI3 synthesis. This contribution gives a novel insight to understand how the suitable/poor Pb substitution achieved through Sr-doping dictates the photophysical properties of PQDs that may be potentially applicable in optoelectronics.
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