Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 4, 2021
Previous Article Next Article

Stimuli-responsive engineered living materials

Author affiliations

Abstract

Stimuli-responsive materials are able to undergo controllable changes in materials properties in response to external cues. Increasing efforts have been directed towards building materials that mimic the responsive nature of biological systems. Nevertheless, limitations remain surrounding the way these synthetic materials interact and respond to their environment. In particular, it is difficult to synthesize synthetic materials that respond with specificity to poorly differentiated (bio)chemical and weak physical stimuli. The emerging area of engineered living materials (ELMs) includes composites that combine living cells and synthetic materials. ELMs have yielded promising advances in the creation of stimuli-responsive materials that respond with diverse outputs in response to a broad array of biochemical and physical stimuli. This review describes advances made in the genetic engineering of the living component and the processing-property relationships of stimuli-responsive ELMs. Finally, the implementation of stimuli-responsive ELMs as environmental sensors, biomedical sensors, drug delivery vehicles, and soft robots is discussed.

Graphical abstract: Stimuli-responsive engineered living materials

Back to tab navigation

Article information


Submitted
26 Oct 2020
Accepted
21 Dec 2020
First published
23 Dec 2020

Soft Matter, 2021,17, 785-809
Article type
Review Article

Stimuli-responsive engineered living materials

L. K. Rivera-Tarazona, Z. T. Campbell and T. H. Ware, Soft Matter, 2021, 17, 785 DOI: 10.1039/D0SM01905D

To request permission to reproduce material from this article, please go to the Copyright Clearance Center request page.

If you are an author contributing to an RSC publication, you do not need to request permission provided correct acknowledgement is given.

If you are the author of this article, you do not need to request permission to reproduce figures and diagrams provided correct acknowledgement is given. If you want to reproduce the whole article in a third-party publication (excluding your thesis/dissertation for which permission is not required) please go to the Copyright Clearance Center request page.

Read more about how to correctly acknowledge RSC content.


Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements