Influence of the primary and secondary coordination spheres on nitric oxide adsorption and reactivity in cobalt(ii)–triazolate frameworks†
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important signaling molecule in biological systems, and as such, the ability of porous materials to reversibly adsorb NO is of interest for potential medical applications. Although certain metal–organic frameworks are known to bind NO reversibly at coordinatively unsaturated metal sites, the influence of the metal coordination environment on NO adsorption has not been studied in detail. Here, we examine NO adsorption in the frameworks Co2Cl2(bbta) (H2bbta = 1H,5H-benzo(1,2-d:4,5-d′)bistriazole) and Co2(OH)2(bbta) using gas adsorption, infrared spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, and magnetometry. At room temperature, NO adsorbs reversibly in Co2Cl2(bbta) without electron transfer, with low temperature data supporting spin-crossover of the NO-bound cobalt(II) centers of the material. In contrast, adsorption of low pressures of NO in Co2(OH)2(bbta) is accompanied by charge transfer from the cobalt(II) centers to form a cobalt(III)–NO− adduct, as supported by diffraction and infrared spectroscopy data. At higher pressures of NO, characterization data indicate additional uptake of the gas and disproportionation of the bound NO to form a cobalt(III)–nitro (NO2−) species and N2O gas, a transformation that appears to be facilitated by secondary sphere hydrogen bonding interactions between the bound NO2− and framework hydroxo groups. These results provide a rare example of reductive NO binding in a cobalt-based metal–organic framework, and they demonstrate that NO uptake can be tuned by changing the primary and secondary coordination environment of the framework metal centers.