Easily accessible non-aromatic heterocycles with handles: 4-bromo-2,3-dihydrofurans from 1,2-dibromohomoallylic alcohols†
The first general preparation of 4-bromo-2,3-dihydrofurans is reported. These non-aromatic heterocycles containing a useful coupling handle are accessed via Cu-catalyzed intramolecular cyclization of 1,2-dibromohomoallylic alcohols, which are themselves available in just two steps from aromatic and aliphatic aldehydes and ketones. Molecular dynamics simulations using the simple substrates and key geometric parameters provide a rationale for the selectivities observed. The synthetic utility of the 4-bromodihydrofurans is also demonstrated.