Tuning energy landscapes and metal–metal interactions in supramolecular polymers regulated by coordination geometry†
Herein, we exploit coordination geometry as a new tool to regulate the non-covalent interactions, photophysical properties and energy landscape of supramolecular polymers. To this end, we have designed two self-assembled Pt(II) complexes 1 and 2 that feature an identical aromatic surface, but differ in the coordination and molecular geometry (linear vs. V-shaped) as a result of judicious ligand choice (monodentate pyridine vs. bidentate bipyridine). Even though both complexes form cooperative supramolecular polymers in methylcyclohexane, their supramolecular and photophysical behaviour differ significantly: while the high preorganization of the bipyridine-based complex 1 enables an H-type 1D stacking with short Pt⋯Pt contacts via a two-step consecutive process, the existence of increased steric effects for the pyridyl-based derivative 2 hinders the formation of metal–metal contacts and induces a single aggregation process into large bundles of fibers. Ultimately, this fine control of Pt⋯Pt distances leads to tuneable luminescence—red for 1vs. blue for 2, which highlights the relevance of coordination geometry for the development of functional supramolecular materials.