Controlling ultrasmall gold nanoparticles with atomic precision
Gold nanoparticles are probably the nanoparticles that have been best studied for the longest time due to their stability, physicochemical properties and applications. Controlling gold nanoparticles with atomic precision is of significance for subsequent research on their structures, properties and applications, which is a dream that has been pursued for many years since ruby gold was first obtained by Faraday in 1857. Fortunately, this dream has recently been partially realized for some ultrasmall gold nanoparticles (nanoclusters). However, rationally designing and synthesizing gold nanoparticles with atomic precision are still distant goals, and this challenge might rely primarily on rich atomically precise gold nanoparticle libraries and the in-depth understanding of metal nanoparticle chemistry. Herein, we review general synthesis strategies and some facile synthesis methods, with an emphasis on the controlling parameters determined from well-documented results, which might have important implications for future nanoparticle synthesis with atomic precision and facilitate related research and applications.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Chemical Science Recent Perspective articles