An N-heterocyclic carbene-catalyzed switchable reaction of 9-(trimethylsilyl)fluorene and aldehydes: chemoselective synthesis of dibenzofulvenes and fluorenyl alcohols†
An N-heterocyclic carbene-catalyzed synthesis of dibenzofulvenes and fluorenyl alcohols was developed. In the presence of 10 mol% NHC (1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene) and 4 Å molecular sieves, 9-(trimethylsilyl)fluorene undergoes an olefination reaction with aldehydes to produce dibenzofulvenes in 43–99% yields. However, on reducing the NHC loading to 1 mol% and with the addition of water, 9-(trimethylsilyl)fluorene selectively undergoes nucleophilic addition with aldehydes to afford fluorenyl alcohols in 40–95% yields.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Synthetic methodology in OBC