Boosting the cycling stability of Ni-rich layered oxide cathode by dry coating of ultrastable Li3V2(PO4)3 nanoparticles†
Nickel (Ni)-rich layered oxides such as LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2 (NCM622) represent one of the most promising candidates for next-generation high-energy lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). However, the pristine Ni-rich cathode materials usually suffer from poor structural stability during cycling. In this work, we demonstrate a simple but effective approach to improve the cycling stability of the NCM622 cathode by dry coating of ultrastable Li3V2(PO4)3-carbon (LVP-C) nanoparticles, which leads to a robust composite cathode (NCM622/LVP-C) without sacrificing the specific energy density compared with pristine NCM622. The optimal NCM622/LVP-C composite presents a high specific capacity of 162 mA h g−1 at 0.5 C and excellent cycling performance with 85.0% capacity retention after 200 cycles at 2 C, higher than that of the pristine NCM622 (67.6%). Systematic characterization confirms that the LVP-C protective layer can effectively reduce the side reactions, restrict the cation mixing of NCM622 and improve its structural stability. Moreover, the NCM622/LVP-C||graphite full cells also show a commercial-level capacity of 3.2 mA h cm−2 and much improved cycling stability compared with NCM622/LVP-C||graphite full cells, indicating the great promise for low-cost, high-capacity and long-life LIBs.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Nanoscale Emerging Investigators