Symmetric and asymmetric epitaxial growth of metals (Ag, Pd, and Pt) onto Au nanotriangles: effects of reductants and plasmonic properties†
The surface plasmon resonance of noble metals can be tuned by morphology and composition, offering interesting opportunities for applications in biomedicine, optoelectronics, photocatalysis, photovoltaics, and sensing. Here, we present the results of the symmetrical and asymmetrical overgrowth of metals (Ag, Pd, and Pt) onto triangular Au nanoplates using L-ascorbic acid (AA) and/or salicylic acid (SA) as reductants. By varying the reaction conditions, various types of Au nanotriangle-metal (Au NT-M) hetero-nanostructures were easily prepared. The plasmonic properties of as-synthesized nanoparticles were investigated by a combination of optical absorbance measurements and Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) simulations. We show that specific use of these reductants enables controlled growth of different metals on Au NTs, yielding different morphologies and allowing manipulation and tuning of the plasmonic properties of bimetallic Au NT-M (Ag, Pd, and Pt) structures.