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Cis double bond formation in polyketide biosynthesis

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Abstract

Covering: up to 2020

Polyketides form a large group of bioactive secondary metabolites that usually contain one or more double bonds. Although most of the double bonds found in polyketides are trans or E-configured, several cases are known in which cis or Z-configurations are observed. Double bond formation by polyketide synthases (PKSs) is widely recognised to be catalysed by ketoreduction and subsequent dehydration of the acyl carrier protein (ACP)-tethered 3-ketoacyl intermediate in the PKS biosynthetic assembly line with a specific stereochemical course in which the ketoreduction step determines the usual trans or more rare cis double bond configuration. Occasionally, other mechanisms for the installation of cis double bonds such as double bond formation during chain release or post-PKS modifications including, amongst others, isomerisations or double bond installations by oxidation are observed. This review discusses the peculiar mechanisms of cis double bond formation in polyketide biosynthesis.

Graphical abstract: Cis double bond formation in polyketide biosynthesis

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Article information


Submitted
27 Nov 2020
First published
21 Jan 2021

Nat. Prod. Rep., 2021, Advance Article
Article type
Review Article

Cis double bond formation in polyketide biosynthesis

Z. Yin and J. S. Dickschat, Nat. Prod. Rep., 2021, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D0NP00091D

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