Issue 24, 2021

Shell thickness dependent photostability studies of green-emitting “Giant” quantum dots


Highly efficient green-emitting core/shell giant quantum dots have been synthesized through a facile “one-pot” gradient alloy approach. Furthermore, an additional ZnS shell was grown using the “Successive Ionic Layer Adsorption and Reaction” (SILAR) method. Due to the faster reactivity of Cd and Se compared to an analogue of Zn and S precursors it is presumed that CdSe nuclei are initially formed as the core and gradient alloy shells simultaneously encapsulate the core in an energy-gradient manner and eventually thick ZnS shells were formed. Using this gradient alloy approach, we have synthesized four different sized green-emitting giant core–shell quantum dots to study their shell thickness-dependent photostability under continuous UV irradiation, and temperature-dependent PL properties of nanocrystals. There was a minimum effect of the UV light exposure on the photostability beyond a certain thickness of the shell. The QDs with a diameter of ≥8.5 nm show substantial improvement in photostability compared to QDs with a diameter ≤ 7.12 nm when continuously irradiated under strong UV light (8 W cm−2, 365 nm) for 48 h. The effect of temperature on the photoluminescence intensities was studied with respect to the shell thickness. There were no apparent changes in PL intensities observed for the QDs ≥ 8.5 nm, on the contrary, for example, QDs with <8.5 nm in diameter (for ∼7.12 nm) show a decrease in PL intensity at higher temperatures ∼ 90 °C. The synthesized green-emitting gradient alloy QDs with superior optical properties can be used for highly efficient green-emitters and are potentially applicable for the fabrication of green LEDs.

Graphical abstract: Shell thickness dependent photostability studies of green-emitting “Giant” quantum dots

Supplementary files

Article information

Article type
03 Sep 2021
21 Sep 2021
First published
24 Sep 2021
This article is Open Access
Creative Commons BY license

Nanoscale Adv., 2021,3, 6984-6991

Shell thickness dependent photostability studies of green-emitting “Giant” quantum dots

R. Singh, S. Akhil, V. G. V. Dutt and N. Mishra, Nanoscale Adv., 2021, 3, 6984 DOI: 10.1039/D1NA00663K

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