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Issue 4, 2021
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Interface-assisted synthesis: a gateway to effective nanostructure tuning of conducting polymers

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Abstract

The interface-assisted polymerization technique can be viewed as a powerful emerging tool for the synthesis of conducting polymers (CPs) on a large scale. Contrary to other bulk or single-phase polymerization techniques, interface-assisted synthesis strategies offer effective nanostructure control in a confined two-dimensional (2-D) space. This review focuses on the types of interfaces, mechanism at the interface, advantages and future perspectives of the interfacial polymerization in comparison to conventional polymerization techniques. Hence, the primary focus is on briefing the different types of the chemical methods of polymerization, followed by uniqueness in the reaction dynamics of interface polymerization. The classification of interfaces into four types (liquid/solid, gas/liquid, liquid/liquid, and gas/solid) is based on the versatility and underlying mechanistic pathway of the polymerization of each type. The role of interface in tuning the nanostructure of CPs and the performance evaluation of pristine CPs based on the electrical conductivity are also discussed. Finally, the future outlook of this emerging field is discussed and proposed in detail through some multifunctional applications of synthesized conducting polymers.

Graphical abstract: Interface-assisted synthesis: a gateway to effective nanostructure tuning of conducting polymers

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Article information


Submitted
10 Nov 2020
Accepted
08 Jan 2021
First published
28 Jan 2021

This article is Open Access

Nanoscale Adv., 2021,3, 918-941
Article type
Review Article

Interface-assisted synthesis: a gateway to effective nanostructure tuning of conducting polymers

S. K. Chondath and M. M. Menamparambath, Nanoscale Adv., 2021, 3, 918
DOI: 10.1039/D0NA00940G

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    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the RSC.
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    [Original citation] - Published by the PCCP Owner Societies.
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    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
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    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

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