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Volume 227, 2021
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Printable hexagonal boron nitride ionogels

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Abstract

Due to its excellent chemical/thermal stability and mechanical robustness, hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) is a promising solid matrix material for ionogels. While bulk hBN ionogels have been employed in macroscopic applications such as lithium-ion batteries, hBN ionogel inks that are compatible with high-resolution printing have not yet been realized. Here, we describe aerosol jet-printable ionogels using exfoliated hBN nanoplatelets as the solid matrix. The hBN nanoplatelets are produced from bulk hBN powders by liquid-phase exfoliation, allowing printable hBN ionogel inks to be formulated following the addition of an imidazolium ionic liquid and ethyl lactate. The resulting inks are reliably printed with variable patterns and controllable thicknesses by aerosol jet printing, resulting in hBN ionogels that possess high room-temperature ionic conductivities and storage moduli of >3 mS cm−1 and >1 MPa, respectively. By integrating the hBN ionogel with printed semiconductors and electrical contacts, fully-printed thin-film transistors with operating voltages below 1 V are demonstrated on polyimide films. These devices exhibit desirable electrical performance and robust mechanical tolerance against repeated bending cycles, thus confirming the suitability of hBN ionogels for printed and flexible electronics.

Graphical abstract: Printable hexagonal boron nitride ionogels

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Submitted
01 Nov 2019
Accepted
15 Jan 2020
First published
15 Jan 2020

Faraday Discuss., 2021,227, 92-104
Article type
Paper
Author version available

Printable hexagonal boron nitride ionogels

W. J. Hyun, L. E. Chaney, J. R. Downing, A. C. M. de Moraes and M. C. Hersam, Faraday Discuss., 2021, 227, 92
DOI: 10.1039/C9FD00113A

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