Selective cyclohexene oxidation to allylic compounds over a Cu-triazole framework via homolytic activation of hydrogen peroxide†
Utilization of metal–organic frameworks as heterogeneous catalysts is crucial owing to their abundant catalytic sites and well-defined porous structures. Highly robust [Cu3(trz)3(μ3-OH)(OH)2(H2O)4]·2H2O (trz = 1,2,4-triazole) was employed as a catalyst for liquid-phase cyclohexene oxidation with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Possessing the porous structure together with Lewis acid attributes from the triangular [Cu3(trz)3(μ3-OH)] center, selective oxidation of cyclohexene to allylic products gives a molar yield of 31% with 87% selectivity. According to the highly selective allylic production, the reaction over the present Cu-MOF plausibly occurs via homolytic activation of H2O2. This finding elucidates the unique features of the MOF for efficient catalysis of cyclohexene oxidation.