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Issue 7, 2021
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The chemistry of phosphines in constrained, well-defined microenvironments

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Abstract

Developments in the confinement of phosphines within micro- or nano-environments are explored. Phosphines are ubiquitous across metal coordination chemistry and underpin some of the most famous homogeneous transition metal catalysts. Constraining phosphines within confined environments influences not only their behaviour but also that of their metal complexes. Notable examples include the use of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) or metal–organic cages (MOCs) to support phosphines which demonstrate how the microenvironment within such constructs leads to reactivity modification. The development of phosphine confinement is explored and parallels are drawn with related constrained macrocyclic systems and mechanically interlocked molecules. The review concludes by identifying areas that remain a challenge and those that will provide new avenues for research.

Graphical abstract: The chemistry of phosphines in constrained, well-defined microenvironments

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Article information


Submitted
15 Dec 2020
First published
19 Feb 2021

This article is Open Access

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2021,50, 4411-4431
Article type
Review Article

The chemistry of phosphines in constrained, well-defined microenvironments

G. R. F. Orton, B. S. Pilgrim and N. R. Champness, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2021, 50, 4411
DOI: 10.1039/D0CS01556C

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