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Issue 13, 2021
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Temperature evolution in IR action spectroscopy experiments with sodium doped water clusters

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Abstract

The combination of supersonic expansions with IR action spectroscopy techniques is the basis of many successful approaches to study cluster structure and dynamics. The effects of temperature and temperature evolution are important with regard to both the cluster synthesis and the cluster dynamics upon IR excitation. In the past the combination of the sodium doping technique with IR excitation enhanced near threshold photoionization has been successfully applied to study neutral, especially water clusters. In this work we follow an overall examination approach for inspecting the interplay of cluster temperature and cluster structure in the initial cooling process and in the IR excitation induced heating of the clusters. In molecular simulations, we study the temperature dependent photoionization spectra of the sodium doped clusters and the evaporative cooling process by water molecule ejection at the cluster surface. We present a comprehensive analysis that provides constraints for the temperature evolution from the nozzle to cluster detection in the mass spectrometer. We attribute the IR action effect to the strong temperature dependence of sodium solvation in the IR excited clusters and we discuss the effects of geometry changes during the IR multi-photon absorption process with regard to application prospects of the method.

Graphical abstract: Temperature evolution in IR action spectroscopy experiments with sodium doped water clusters

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
13 Oct 2020
Accepted
14 Dec 2020
First published
16 Dec 2020

This article is Open Access

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2021,23, 7682-7695
Article type
Paper

Temperature evolution in IR action spectroscopy experiments with sodium doped water clusters

D. Becker, C. W. Dierking, J. Suchan, F. Zurheide, J. Lengyel, M. Fárník, P. Slavíček, U. Buck and T. Zeuch, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2021, 23, 7682
DOI: 10.1039/D0CP05390B

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