Recent advances in the synthesis of N-heteroarenes via catalytic dehydrogenation of N-heterocycles
Bio-active molecules having N-heteroarene core are widely used for numerous medicinal applications and as lifesaving drugs. In this direction, dehydrogenation of partially saturated aromatic N-heterocycles shows utmost importance for the synthesis of heterocycles. This feature article highlights the recent advances, from 2009 to April 2021, on the dehydrogenation of N-heteroaromatics. Notable features considering the development of newer catalysis for dehydrogenations are: (i) approaches based on precious metal catalysis, (ii) newer strategies and catalyst development technology using non-precious metal-catalysts for N-heterocycles having one or more heteroatoms, (iii) Synthesis of five or six-membered N-heterocycles using photocatalysis, electrocatalytic, and organo-catalytic approaches using different homogeneous and heterogeneous conditions’ (iv) metal free (base and acid-promoted) dehydrogenation along with I2, N-hydroxyphthalimide (NHPI) and bio catalyzed miscellaneous examples have also been discussed, (v) mechanistic studies for various dehydrogenation reactions and (vi) synthetic applications of various bio-active molecules including post-drug derivatization are discussed.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2021 Emerging Investigators