A NIR-triggered multifunctional nanoplatform mediated by Hsp70 siRNA for chemo-hypothermal photothermal synergistic therapy†
Recently, hypothermal photothermal therapy (HPTT) seemed essential for the future clinical transformation of cancer optical therapies. However, at a lower working temperature, heat shock proteins (HSPs) seriously affect the anti-tumor effect of HPTT. This work reports a reasonable design of a dual-responsive nanoplatform for the synergistic treatment of chemotherapy and HPTT. We adopted a one-step method to wrap indocyanine green (ICG) into imidazole skeleton-8 (ZIF-8) and further loaded it with the chemotherapy drug doxorubicin (DOX). Furthermore, we introduced Hsp-70 siRNA to block the affection of HSPs at an upstream node, thereby avoiding the side effects of traditional heat shock protein inhibitors. The prepared ZIF-8@ICG@DOX@siRNA nanoparticles (ZID-Si NPs) could significantly improve the stability of siRNA to effectively down-regulate the expression of HSP70 protein during the photothermal therapy, thus realizing the pH-controlled and NIR-triggered release of the chemotherapeutical drug DOX. Moreover, tumors were also imaged accurately by ICG wrapped in ZID-Si nanoparticles. After the evaluation of the in vitro and in vivo photothermal effect as well as the anti-tumor activity, we found that the added Hsp-70 siRNA enhanced the synergistic anti-cancer activity of HPTT and chemotherapy. In summary, this work holds great potential in cancer treatment, and suggests better efficacy of synergistic chemo/HPTT than the single-agent therapy.