Recent trends on burn wound care: hydrogel dressings and scaffolds
Acute and chronic wounds can cause severe physical trauma to patients and also result in an immense socio-economic burden. Thus, wound management has attracted increasing attention in recent years. However, burn wound management is still a major challenge in wound management. Autografts are often considered the gold-standard for burn care, but their application is limited by many factors. Hence, ideal burn dressings and skin substitute dressings are desirable. With the development of biomaterials and progress of tissue engineering technology, some innovative dressings and tissue engineering scaffolds, such as nanofibers, films, foams and hydrogels, have been widely used in the field of biomedicine, especially in wound management. Among them, hydrogels have attracted tremendous attention with their unique advantages. In this review, we discuss the challenges in burn wound management, several crucial design considerations with respect to hydrogels for burn wound healing, and available polymers for hydrogels in burn wound care. In addition, the potential application and plausible prospect of hydrogels are also highlighted.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Biomaterials Science Most Popular 2021