Controlling the semi-permeability of protein nanocapsules influences the cellular response to macromolecular payloads†
Nanocapsules are an excellent platform for the delivery of macromolecular payloads such as proteins, nucleic acids or polyprodrugs, since they can both protect the sensitive cargo and target its delivery to the desired site of action. However, the release of macromolecules from nanocapsules remains a challenge due to their restricted diffusion through the nanoshell compared to small molecule cargo. Here, we designed degradable protein nanocapsules with varying crosslinking densities of the nanoshell to control the release of model macromolecules. While the crosslinking did not influence the degradability of the capsules by natural proteases, it significantly affected the release profiles. Furthermore, the optimized protein nanocapsules were successfully used to deliver and effectively release a bioactive macromolecular vaccine adjuvant in vitro and, thus, can be used as an efficient platform for the design of potential nanovaccines.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles