Kinetic control of chirality and circularly polarized luminescence in G-quartet materials†
The formation of chirality of G-quartet materials has been of concern for a long time, however, the helix-handedness of G-quartet materials is still ambiguous, as well as the novel circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) properties. Here, we demonstrated that the handedness of G-quartet materials highly depends on their formation kinetics. By controlling the temperature or the initial concentration of reactants, we found that right-handed helical G-quartet nanostructures were synthesized in the slow process, while left-handed structures were synthesized in the fast process via orderly stacking. The phenomenon can be explained by the theory of kinetic trapping, in which a slow process leads to the thermodynamic equilibrium, while a fast process results in the kinetic trap state. Furthermore, the first kinetic trapping-controlled reversal CPL system was designed in G-quartet materials via chirality transfer, which has potential applications in CPL materials design and application.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Journal of Materials Chemistry B Emerging Investigators