Ground- and excited-state dynamic control of an anion receptor by hydrostatic pressure†
Stimulus-responsive supramolecular architectures have become an attractive alternative to conventional ones for many applications in sensing, drug-delivery and switchable memory systems. Herein, we used an anion receptor (H: host) as a hydrostatic-pressure-manipulatable fluorescence foldamer and halide anions as chiral (binaphthylammonium) and achiral (tetrabutylammonium) ion pairs (SS or RR·X and TBA·X; X = Cl, Br), and then investigated their (chir)optical properties and molecular recognition behavior under hydrostatic pressures. The conformational changes and optical properties of H in various organic solvents were revealed by UV/vis absorption and fluorescence spectra and fluorescence lifetimes upon hydrostatic pressurization. The anion-recognition abilities of H upon interactions with SS or RR·X and TBA·X at different pressure ranges were determined by hydrostatic-pressure spectroscopy to quantitatively afford the binding constant (Kanion) and apparent reaction volume changes . The results obtained indicate that hydrostatic pressure as well as solvation plays significant roles in the dynamic control of the present supramolecular system in the ground and excited states. This work will provide a new guideline for further developing hydrostatic-pressure-responsive foldamers and supramolecular materials.