Nucleophilic reactivity of the gold atom in a diarylborylgold(i) complex toward polar multiple bonds†
A di(o-tolyl)borylgold complex was synthesized via the metathesis reaction of a gold alkoxide with tetra(o-tolyl)diborane(4). The resulting diarylborylgold complex exhibited a Lewis acidic boron center and a characteristic visible absorption that arises from its HOMO–LUMO excitation, which is narrower than that of a previously reported dioxyborylgold complex. The diarylborylgold complex reacted with isocyanide in a stepwise fashion to afford single- and double-insertion products and a C–C coupled product. Reactions of this diarylborylgold complex with CO/N double bond species furnished addition products under concomitant formation of Au–C and B–O/N bonds, which suggests nucleophilic reactivity of the gold metal center. DFT calculations provided details of the underlying reaction mechanism, which involves an initial coordination of the CO/N bond to the boron vacant p-orbital of the diarylboryl ligand followed by a migration of the gold atom from the tetracoordinate sp3-hybridized boron center, which is analogous to the reactivity of the conventional sp3-hybridized borate species. The DFT calculations also suggested a stepwise mechanism for the reaction of this diarylborylgold complex with isocyanide, which afforded three different reaction products depending on the applied reaction conditions.
- This article is part of the themed collections: Spotlighting main group elements in polynuclear complexes and 2020 Chemical Science HOT Article Collection