Photocatalytic hydrogenation of nitrobenzene to aniline over titanium(iv) oxide using various saccharides instead of hydrogen gas†
Bare TiO2 photocatalyst almost quantitatively converted nitrobenzene to aniline with various saccharides without the use of hydrogen gas. Although aniline was formed when any saccharide was used, the use of disaccharides (lactose, maltose, and sucrose) decreased the reaction rate. The rate of photocatalytic hydrogenation of nitrobenzene using saccharides is determined by the degradation rate of saccharides at positive holes. When glucose was used, formic acid, arabinose, glyceraldehyde and lactic acid were obtained, which are products that are consistent with the product of the photocatalytic oxidation of glucose.