Quantification of nickel, cobalt, and manganese concentration using ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy†
Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy is one of the most effective, inexpensive, flexible, and simplest analytical techniques to measure species concentration in the liquid phase. It has a wide range of applications such as wastewater treatment, dye degradation, colloidal nanoparticle characterization. It is used in almost every spectroscopy laboratory for routine analysis or research. In the present study, a feasibility study was carried out to find the application of UV-Vis spectroscopy for onsite measurement of nickel, cobalt, manganese, and lithium as a replacement for the conventional method to measure the concentrations of these elements in battery and other applicable industries. Samples with different concentrations of individual elements and composites were prepared and analyzed using an ultraviolet-visible spectrometer. Based on the obtained results, mathematical relationships between concentration and absorbance were defined. The calculated concentration of different elements using the developed relationships was compared with the measured concentration using ICP-OES to find any deviation between the two. The effect of various parameters such as concentration, path length, number of elements in the solution, density, and pH was analyzed to verify the feasibility. The obtained results show that this technique can be effectively used to measure the concentration of nickel and cobalt with high accuracy.