Could chemical exposure and bioconcentration in fish be affected by slow binding kinetics in blood?†
The possible implications of slow binding kinetics on respiratory uptake, bioconcentration and exposure of chemicals were evaluated in the present study. Most physiological and chemical information needed for such an evaluation is already known from the literature or can be estimated. However, data for binding kinetics of chemicals in fish plasma have not been reported in the literature yet. In the first part of this study, we therefore experimentally investigated the plasma binding kinetics for ten chemicals, including pollutants like polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and a pesticide. The determined desorption rate constants were in the range of 0.4 s−1 to 0.1 s−1. In the second part of this study, we present a comparative modeling analysis of generic predictions with binding kinetics of different velocities. For doing so, a model that explicitly represents binding kinetics in blood was developed and applied for different hypothetical scenarios. The evaluation showed that slow sorption kinetics only limits respiratory uptake and thus influences the levels of bioaccumulation for extreme and, by that, rather unlikely parameter combinations (i.e. for strongly sorbing chemicals with very slow binding kinetics). It can therefore be assumed that limitations on respiratory uptake due to slow binding kinetics in blood are rather unlikely for most chemicals.