The redox potential of a heme cofactor in Nitrosomonas europaea cytochrome c peroxidase: a polarizable QM/MM study†
Redox reactions are crucial to biological processes that protect organisms against oxidative stress. Metalloenzymes, such as peroxidases which reduce excess reactive oxygen species into water, play a key role in detoxification mechanisms. Here we present the results of a polarizable QM/MM study of the reduction potential of the electron transfer heme in the cytochrome c peroxidase of Nitrosomonas europaea. We have found that environment polarization does not substantially affect the computed value of the redox potential. Particular attention has been given to analyzing the role of electrostatic interactions within the protein environment and the solvent on tuning the redox potential of the heme co-factor. We have found that the electrostatic interactions predominantly explain the fluctuations of the vertical ionization/attachment energies of the heme for the sampled configurations, and that the long range electrostatic interactions (up to 40 Å) contribute substantially to the absolute values of the vertical energy gaps.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2021 PCCP HOT Articles