The two domains of human galectin-8 bind sialyl- and fucose-containing oligosaccharides in an independent manner. A 3D view by using NMR†
The interaction of human galectin-8 and its two separate N-terminal and C-terminal carbohydrate recognition domains (CRD) to their natural ligands has been analysed using a synergistic combination of experimental NMR and ITC methods, and molecular dynamics simulations. Both domains bind the minimal epitopes N-acetyllactosamine (1) and Galβ1–3GalNAc (2) in a similar manner. However, the N-terminal and C-terminal domains show exquisite and opposing specificity to bind either Neu5Ac- or Fuc-containing ligands, respectively. Moreover, the addition of the high-affinity ligands specific for one of the CRDs does not make any effect on the binding at the alternative one. Thus, the two CRDs behave independently and may simultaneously target different molecular entities to promote clustering through the generation of supramolecular assemblies.
- This article is part of the themed collection: RSC Chemical Biology Transparent Peer Review Collection