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A porous organic framework composite embedded with Au nanoparticles: an ultrasensitive electrochemical aptasensor toward detection of oxytetracycline

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Abstract

A porous organic framework (POF) composite embedded with Au nanoparticles (denoted as Au@POF) was fabricated through a toilless impregnation–reduction approach. The as-made Au@POF composite not only has high surface area, excellent physicochemical stability, and favourable electrochemical activity, but also possesses a powerful affinity force toward aptamers to construct an electrochemical aptasensor. As a consequence, a mass of oxytetracycline (OTC) aptamer strands can be loaded onto the surface of the Au@POF-modified electrode to construct a biosensitive platform, which can accurately detect OTC via the unique exclusive interaction between OTC and the aptamer. More importantly, the result indicates that the Au@POF-based aptasensor exhibits supersensitive detectability toward OTC in a certain concentration range from 1.0 × 10−5 to 1.0 ng mL−1 with a limit of detection of 3.19 fg mL−1 (6.93 fM) as confirmed by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. By virtue of the merits of high sensitivity, selectivity, stability, repeatability, and straightforward operation, this strategy reveals a potential application in the portable and available detection of OTC even in real samples.

Graphical abstract: A porous organic framework composite embedded with Au nanoparticles: an ultrasensitive electrochemical aptasensor toward detection of oxytetracycline

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Article information


Submitted
08 Aug 2020
Accepted
15 Sep 2020
First published
17 Sep 2020

J. Mater. Chem. C, 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Paper

A porous organic framework composite embedded with Au nanoparticles: an ultrasensitive electrochemical aptasensor toward detection of oxytetracycline

Z. Han, Q. Zhu, H. Zhang, R. Yuan and H. He, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D0TC03769A

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