Unusual Phase-Pure Zinc Blende and Highly-Crystalline As-rich InAs1-xSbx Nanowires for High-Mobility Transistors
Due to the excellent electrical and optical properties, small bandgap III-V nanowire (NW) materials hold the great promises for future electronics and optoelectronics. In particular, InAs1-xSbx, the ternary alloy of InAs and InSb, is one of the most studied III-V nanomaterial systems; however, the As-rich InAs1-xSbx nanowires are usually obtained with significant crystal phase mixing and high density of planar defects, limiting their electrical transport characteristics. In this work, unusual phase-pure zinc blende and highly-crystalline As-rich InAs1-xSbx NWs with x<0.2 are successfully achieved by solid-source chemical vapor deposition, where this excellent phase-purity and crystallinity has not been reported elsewhere. By simply controlling the precursor powder mixing ratio between InAs and InSb, the morphology and composition of NWs can be controlled reliably. When these InAs1-xSbx NWs are fabricated into field-effect transistors, they exhibit the superior device performance, especially the high electron mobility. In specific, the average peak mobility of InAs0.948Sb0.502 NW device can be improved up to 3160 cm2V−1s−1, which is substantially better than the one of pure InAs NW counterparts (2030 cm2V−1s−1). This mobility enhancement can be attributed to the Sb-alloyed-induced electron effective mass reduction. Also, there exists a surface charge accumulation layer on the NWs as confirmed by the decrease of device transconductance measured under vacuum, indicating future possibilities to manipulate the NW surface for enhanced functionality. All these results evidently indicate the potential of these phase-pure zinc blende As-rich InAs1-xSbx NWs for high-mobility devices.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Journal of Materials Chemistry C HOT Papers