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Aggregation-state engineering and emission switching in D–A–D′ AIEgens featuring dual emission, MCL and white electroluminescence

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Abstract

Thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) and room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP) have attracted much recent attention for their capabilities to utilize triplet excitons for emission. Herein, we demonstrate a strategy for switching between intermolecular TADF and RTP through rational structure modulation and crystal engineering with two newly designed organic AIEgens, namely (4-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl) (dibenzo[b,d]thiophen-2-yl)methanone (CTM) and (4-(3,6-di-tert-butyl-9H-carbazol-9-yl) phenyl) (dibenzo[b,d]thiophen-2-yl) methanone (tCTM). Both materials exhibit intramolecular TADF and intermolecular TADF/RTP dual emission in single crystals. High contrast mechanochromic luminescence (MCL) was unveiled due to the polymorphism of both emitters in aggregated states. Using these materials as emitters, we demonstrate for the first time, such dual TADF–TADF/RTP emissions can be exploited to obtain white light organic light-emitting diodes with high color rendering indexes.

Graphical abstract: Aggregation-state engineering and emission switching in D–A–D′ AIEgens featuring dual emission, MCL and white electroluminescence

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
07 Apr 2020
Accepted
07 May 2020
First published
07 May 2020

J. Mater. Chem. C, 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Paper

Aggregation-state engineering and emission switching in D–A–D′ AIEgens featuring dual emission, MCL and white electroluminescence

J. Tan, W. Chen, S. Ni, Z. Qiu, Y. Zhan, Z. Yang, J. Xiong, C. Cao, Y. Huo and C. Lee, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D0TC01733G

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