Piperidine-induced Switching of the direct band gaps of Ag(i)/Bi(iii) bimetallic iodide double perovskites†
The environmental toxicity of lead may eventually hamper the wide applications of hybrid perovskite material-based solar cells despite their excellent power conversion efficiency. Here, we have used silver(I) and bismuth(III) to replace lead(II) and obtain two two-dimensional (2D) iodide-based double perovskites, (AMP)4[BiAgI8]2·H2O (1) and (APP)4[BiAgI8]·H2O (2), where AMP = 4-aminomethylpiperidine and APP = 4-aminopiperidine. Compared to our previously reported 1,4-cyclohexanediamine-based compound (C6H16N2)2[BiAgI8]·H2O with an indirect band gap, these two new 2D Ag–Bi double perovskites show direct band gaps (∼2.00 eV) due to the less distorted [AgI6] coordination geometry. Moreover, the photo-current response experiments showed a difference of more than 50 nA between light and dark conditions for both the compounds, indicating the potential application for light harvesting. 1 and 2 were also stable under heat and moisture. They showed high proton conductivity (∼10−4 S cm−1) at 95 °C and 90% RH. Thus, this work provides a new route for designing stable lead-free bimetallic iodide double perovskites with direct band gaps.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Journal of Materials Chemistry C HOT Papers