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Issue 16, 2020
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Surfactant-based lyotropic liquid crystal gels – the interplay between anisotropic order and gel formation

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Abstract

Surfactant-based lyotropic liquid crystal gels (LLCGs) are soft materials which combine the anisotropic order of a surfactant-based lyotropic liquid crystal with the mechanical stability of a gel. The most prominent example of a “natural“ LLCG is the biological cell. This review summarizes potential applications of surfactant-based LLCGs and the different strategies via which these materials can be obtained. The main focus, however, is on gelation with low molecular weight gelators (LMWG), which form self-assembled fibrillar networks (SAFiN). We will discuss whether or not the resulting surfactant-based LLCGs are orthogonal self-assembled systems, i.e. systems where the two coexisting structures (lyotropic liquid crystal and SAFiN) form independently.

Graphical abstract: Surfactant-based lyotropic liquid crystal gels – the interplay between anisotropic order and gel formation

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Article information


Submitted
02 Feb 2020
Accepted
26 Mar 2020
First published
31 Mar 2020

J. Mater. Chem. C, 2020,8, 5335-5348
Article type
Review Article

Surfactant-based lyotropic liquid crystal gels – the interplay between anisotropic order and gel formation

K. Steck, S. Dieterich, C. Stubenrauch and F. Giesselmann, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2020, 8, 5335
DOI: 10.1039/D0TC00561D

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