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Na3Sc2(PO4)2F3: rational design and synthesis of an alkali rare-earth phosphate fluoride as an ultraviolet nonlinear optical crystal with an enlarged birefringence

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Abstract

An alkali rare-earth phosphate fluoride nonlinear optical (NLO) crystal, Na3Sc2(PO4)2F3 (NSPOF), was designed and synthesized. The structure of NSPOF can be described as a three-dimensional (3D) framework assembled with a chessboard-shaped two-dimensional (2D) [Sc2P2O8F3] layer and disordered Na+ cations in the cavities, possessing [PO4]3− tetrahedral groups and [ScO4F2] tetrahedral bipyramids as fundamental building blocks. With the introduction of Sc3+ and F into the phosphate moiety, the NSPOF exhibited an obviously enlarged birefringence of 0.0978@546.1 nm, which is large enough for phase-matching (PM) in the UV region. In particular, the shortest PM wavelength calculated based on the calculated refractive index dispersion curve can reach 305 nm, which is shorter than those of most reported phosphates. The large birefringence can be attributed to the uniform alignment of [ScO4F2] tetrahedral bipyramids and the [PO4]3− tetrahedral groups. This work will provide a new avenue for the design and discovery of more phosphate NLO materials with large birefringence.

Graphical abstract: Na3Sc2(PO4)2F3: rational design and synthesis of an alkali rare-earth phosphate fluoride as an ultraviolet nonlinear optical crystal with an enlarged birefringence

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Article information


Submitted
15 Jan 2020
Accepted
25 Feb 2020
First published
26 Feb 2020

J. Mater. Chem. C, 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Paper

Na3Sc2(PO4)2F3: rational design and synthesis of an alkali rare-earth phosphate fluoride as an ultraviolet nonlinear optical crystal with an enlarged birefringence

F. Xu, G. Peng, C. Lin, D. Zhao, B. Li, G. Zhang, S. Yang and N. Ye, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D0TC00281J

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