Tuning electronic properties of bilayer black phosphorene with twisted angle
Two-dimensional (2D) twisted bilayer materials have displayed rich new physics, depending on the interlayer interaction mediated by the twisted angle. Here, we performed systematic first-principles calculations to investigate the structural and electronic properties of twisted bilayer black phosphorene (TBP) with different twist angles. We found that the cohesive energy of TBP relies on the rotation angles with a periodicity of about 36°, which can be understood by an interlayer orbital overlap model. An electronic polarization along the vertical direction exists in TBP systems with weak interlayer coupling, but disappears in those with strong coupling. Interestingly, the electronic and transport anisotropy as found in monolayer can be continually tuned by changing the rotation angle of TBP from 0° (AA, AB, and Aδ stacking) to 90°. Finally, TBPs with different interlayer coupling strengths show distinct behavior for band gap change and charge density distribution under external electric field. These results deepen the understanding of the interlayer interaction of twisted 2D layered BP with van der Waals interaction, and provide a novel way to precisely tailor the electronic band structures and anisotropic behaviors of carrier transport in layered materials.