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Aggregation-induced phosphorescence enhancement in deep-red and near-infrared emissive iridium(iii) complexes for solution-processable OLEDs

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Abstract

To fight against the counteractive triplet–triplet annihilation and vibrational deactivation faced by low bandgap phosphorescent emitters, aggregation-induced phosphorescent enhancement (AIPE)-active deep-red and NIR emissive iridium(III) complexes are designed by suitably anchoring electron-withdrawing substituents such as -phenyl (Ir2), -ethyl ester (Ir3), and -trifluoromethyl (Ir4) groups on the N-coordinating quinoline moiety of a (benzo[b]thiophen-2-yl)quinoline cyclometalated ligand along with ancillary picolinate. The fundamentals of the origin of AIPE on Ir2 and Ir4 and its associated excited-state properties are deeply studied through comparison with unsubstituted Ir1 with the help of density functional theory and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Most importantly, AIPE-active Ir2 is employed for the development of efficient deep-red and NIR PhOLEDs by hybrid solution-processable methods, in which the AIPE effect of Ir2 reaches a maximum external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 7.29% at high doping ratios.

Graphical abstract: Aggregation-induced phosphorescence enhancement in deep-red and near-infrared emissive iridium(iii) complexes for solution-processable OLEDs

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
13 Dec 2019
Accepted
18 Feb 2020
First published
09 Mar 2020

J. Mater. Chem. C, 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Paper

Aggregation-induced phosphorescence enhancement in deep-red and near-infrared emissive iridium(III) complexes for solution-processable OLEDs

H. U. Kim, H. J. Jang, W. Choi, S. Park, T. Park, J. Y. Lee and K. S. Bejoymohandas, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9TC06813A

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