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Rational design of 2D hierarchically laminated Fe3O4@nanoporous carbon@rGO nanocomposites with strong magnetic coupling for excellent electromagnetic absorption applications

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Abstract

Developing electromagnetic absorption materials with a strong absorption ability and wide absorption bandwidth has attracted widespread attention in the field of electromagnetic shielding, but it still remains a great challenge. Herein, we successfully developed 2D hierarchically laminated Fe3O4@nanoporous carbon (NPC)@rGO magnetic/dielectric nanocomposites as high-performance microwave absorbers through a facile microwave-assisted approach. The rational design of the composition (Fe3O4, NPC and rGO) and the hierarchical microstructure provided the nanocomposite with a micro-scale 3D magnetic coupling network, a hierarchical dielectric carbon network and good impedance matching, which were identified by the off-axis electronic holography and electromagnetic characterization. As expected, the Fe3O4@NPC@rGO composites achieved a strong reflection loss of −72.6 dB, a matching thickness of 2.0 mm and a broad bandwidth of 5.5 GHz. Such excellent achievements encourage the development of hierarchical magnetic EMA absorbers and provide remarkable inspiration for designing high-performance microwave absorbers.

Graphical abstract: Rational design of 2D hierarchically laminated Fe3O4@nanoporous carbon@rGO nanocomposites with strong magnetic coupling for excellent electromagnetic absorption applications

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Article information


Submitted
28 Nov 2019
Accepted
30 Dec 2019
First published
31 Dec 2019

J. Mater. Chem. C, 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Paper

Rational design of 2D hierarchically laminated Fe3O4@nanoporous carbon@rGO nanocomposites with strong magnetic coupling for excellent electromagnetic absorption applications

Z. Xiang, J. Xiong, B. Deng, E. Cui, L. Yu, Q. Zeng, K. Pei, R. Che and W. Lu, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9TC06526A

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