A nanoplatform based on mesoporous silica-coated gold nanorods for cancer triplex therapy†
To enhance the efficacy of nanoparticle-based cancer therapy with reduced side effects and promote its clinical translation, a biocompatible nanocomposite based on mesoporous silica-coated gold nanorods (AuNR@MSN) for triple tumor therapy is reported in this study. The gold core served as a hyperthermia agent, while the MSN shell acted as a reservoir of chemotherapeutics owing to its excellent loading capacity. Cytochrome c with the apoptosis inducing function was anchored on the surface of AuNR@MSN to prevent drug leakage through redox-responsive disulfide bonds. The successful construction of a nanocomposite was confirmed by characterization of the physicochemical properties. In vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated that the nanocomposite displayed an optimizing anti-tumor effect with a synergistic strategy of excellent photothermal therapy, chemotherapy and protein therapy. Therefore, this cooperative strategy paves the way for high-efficiency oncotherapy with reduced side effects.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Journal of Materials Chemistry B HOT Papers