Mimicking the electrophysiological microenvironment of bone tissue using electroactive materials to promote its regeneration
The process of bone tissue repair and regeneration is complex and requires a variety of physiological signals, including biochemical, electrical and mechanical signals, which collaborate to ensure functional recovery. The inherent piezoelectric properties of bone tissues can convert mechanical stimulation into electrical effects, which play significant roles in bone maturation, remodeling and reconstruction. Electroactive materials, including conductive materials, piezoelectric materials and electret materials, can simulate the physiological and electrical microenvironment of bone tissue, thereby promoting bone regeneration and reconstruction. In this paper, the structures and performances of different types of electroactive materials and their applications in the field of bone repair and regeneration are reviewed, particularly by providing the results from in vivo evaluations using various animal models. Their advantages and disadvantages as bone repair materials are discussed, and the methods for tuning their performances are also described, with the aim of providing an up-to-date account of the proposed topics.
- This article is part of the themed collections: Journal of Materials Chemistry B HOT Papers and Journal of Materials Chemistry B Recent Review Articles