New forms of electrospun nanofiber materials for biomedical applications
Over the past two decades, electrospinning has emerged as an enabling nanotechnology to produce nanofiber materials for various biomedical applications. In particular, therapeutic/cellloaded nanofiber scaffolds have been widely examined in drug delivery, wound healing, and tissue repair and regeneration. However, due to the insufficient porosity, small pore size, noninjectability, and inaccurate spatial control in nanofibers of scaffolds, many efforts have been devoted to exploring new forms of nanofiber materials including expanded nanofiber scaffolds, nanofiber aerogels, short nanofibers, and nanofiber microspheres. This short review discusses the preparation and potential biomedical applications of new forms of nanofiber materials.