Introduction of an antifouling photoelectrode: an effective strategy for a high-performance photoelectrochemical cytosensor†
As nonspecific adsorption or biofouling has obvious side effects on the selectivity, it is a great challenge for cytosensors to detect target cells in practical biological samples. In this study, we first propose the design and synthesis of an antifouling photoelectrode. The antifouling photoelectrode not only has the desired photocurrent response, but also possesses an unexpected antifouling capability of resisting nonspecific adsorption of biomolecules. Herein, the PEDOT-HPG/SnS/ZnO-NT antifouling photoelectrode was formed and a robust photoelectrochemical cytosensor with enhanced sensitivity and selectivity has been demonstrated.