Jump to main content
Jump to site search
Access to RSC content Close the message box

Continue to access RSC content when you are not at your institution. Follow our step-by-step guide.



Au nanoparticle-embedded, nitrogen-deficient hollow mesoporous carbon nitride spheres for nitrogen photofixation

Abstract

Ammonia, one of the most important chemicals and an efficient energy carrier, is industrially synthesized by the energy-intensive Haber-Bosch process. Photocatalytic nitrogen fixation under ambient conditions provides an intriguing approach for the conversion of atmospheric dinitrogen into ammonia. Herein we report on a plasmonic hybrid catalyst composed of Au nanoparticles uniformly embedded in the mesopores of nitrogen-deficient hollow carbon nitride spheres for efficient nitrogen photofixation. The nitrogen vacancies in the carbon nitride spheres, serving as the sites for nitrogen chemisorption and activation, capture photoexcited electrons stemmed from the carbon nitride spheres and the plasmon resonance of the embedded Au nanoparticles for the reduction of nitrogen to ammonia. The designed structure can maximize the utilization efficiency of the plasmonic effect of the Au nanoparticles, as well as the nitrogen activation effect of the nitrogen vacancies in the carbon nitride spheres, therefore promoting the photoreduction of nitrogen. The optimal Au-embedded carbon nitride spheres achieve an ammonia production rate of 783.4 μmol h–1 gcat–1 under visible light. The interfacial plasmon-induced charge separation endows the hybrid photocatalyst with the capability of the simultaneous production of ammonia and oxygen with a solar-to-ammonia conversion efficiency of 0.032% under simulated sunlight.

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
07 Apr 2020
Accepted
19 May 2020
First published
19 May 2020

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2020, Accepted Manuscript
Article type
Paper

Au nanoparticle-embedded, nitrogen-deficient hollow mesoporous carbon nitride spheres for nitrogen photofixation

Y. Guo, J. Yang, D. Wu, H. Bai, Z. Yang, J. Wang and B. C. Yang, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2020, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/D0TA03793A

Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements