Two-dimensional porous coordination polymers and nano-composites for electrocatalysis and electrically conductive applications
Two-dimensional (2D) porous coordination polymers (PCPs) is a kind of porous crystalline material formed by metal nodes and organic ligands through coordination bonds. The PCPs exhibit unique features such as flexible structures, abundant accessible active sites, and high surface areas. The greatest challenge on the commercialization of 2D PCPs and their nano-composites is to achieve a controllable and facile synthesis of 2D PCPs with low-cost and high-quality. Recently, significant progress has been made in the structure and morphological regulation of 2D PCPs. It is still of considerable significance to further explore the synthetic mechanism and unique properties of 2D PCP and their nano-composites. In this review, recent research progress in the synthesis of 2D PCP materials and their applications are summarized. Firstly, the development process of 2D PCP is briefly introduced, then the synthesis strategy of 2D PCP and their nano-composites are discussed. Subsequently, the potential applications of 2D PCP and their nano-composites in electro-catalysis and electronic transport are introduced. Finally, the challenges and prospects for the synthesis and applications of the 2D PCPs and their nano-composites are addressed for future developments.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Journal of Materials Chemistry A Recent Review Articles