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Excellent antibacterial activities in the dark of ZnO nanoflakes with oxygen vacancies on exposed {2[1 with combining macron][1 with combining macron]0} facets

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Abstract

The rapidly evolving threat of antibiotic resistance around the globe urges materials scientists to find alternative solutions to kill bacteria in the dark when illumination for photocatalyst based antibacterials is not available. Here we show that {2[1 with combining macron][1 with combining macron]0}-ZnO exhibits excellent antibacterial activities in the dark against both E. coli and S. aureus, which is attributed to the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated in the dark. Interestingly, different from the previously reported mechanism involving single ionized oxygen vacancy-mediated ˙O2, the oxygen vacancies on the exposed {2[1 with combining macron][1 with combining macron]0} facets are able to generate both ˙O2 by single-electron transfer and O2−2 by two-electron transfer. This work highlights the oxygen activation on oxygen vacancies for the generation of ROS in the dark and may enlighten the rational design of novel antibacterials in the dark via surface engineering.

Graphical abstract: Excellent antibacterial activities in the dark of ZnO nanoflakes with oxygen vacancies on exposed {2 [[1 with combining macron]]  [[1 with combining macron]] 0} facets

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Article information


Submitted
24 Dec 2019
Accepted
07 Apr 2020
First published
07 Apr 2020

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Communication

Excellent antibacterial activities in the dark of ZnO nanoflakes with oxygen vacancies on exposed {2[1 with combining macron][1 with combining macron]0} facets

Y. Zhou, Y. Guo, J. Li, W. Wei, D. Li, L. Luo, X. Xu and Z. Zhou, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9TA14044A

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