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Observation of iron oxide nanoparticle synthesis in magnetogels using magnetic resonance imaging

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Abstract

We show that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to visualize the spatiotemporal dynamics of iron oxide nanoparticle growth within a hydrogel network during in situ coprecipitation. The synthesis creates a magnetic nanoparticle loaded polymer gel, or magnetogel. During in situ coprecipitation, iron oxide nanoparticles nucleate and grow due to diffusion of a precipitating agent throughout an iron precursor loaded polymer network. The creation of iron oxide particles changes the magnetic properties of the gel, allowing the synthesis to be monitored via magnetic measurements. Formation of iron oxide nanoparticles generates dark, or hypointense, contrast in gradient echo (GRE) images acquired by MRI, allowing nanoparticle nucleation to be tracked in both space and time. We show that the growth of iron oxide nanoparticles in the hydrogel scaffold is consistent with a simple reaction-diffusion model.

Graphical abstract: Observation of iron oxide nanoparticle synthesis in magnetogels using magnetic resonance imaging

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Article information


Submitted
30 Aug 2020
Accepted
24 Sep 2020
First published
28 Sep 2020

Soft Matter, 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Paper

Observation of iron oxide nanoparticle synthesis in magnetogels using magnetic resonance imaging

S. D. Oberdick, S. E. Russek, M. E. Poorman and G. Zabow, Soft Matter, 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D0SM01566K

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