Development of a new flexible nanogenerator from electrospun nanofabric based on PVDF/talc nanosheets composites
Herein, a flexible piezoelectric nanogenerator composed of electrospun talc/PVDF [poly(vinylidene fluoride)] nanocomposite fabrics has been developed. These nanocomposite fabrics demonstrated enhanced mechanical and piezoelectric properties compared with pristine PVDF nanofabrics. In particular, nanocomposite fabrics with 0.50 wt% talc yielded 89.6% of polar β-phase in the PVDF matrix, thereby augmenting its piezoelectric response. X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry conclusively affirmed the promotion of polar β-phase in the talc/PVDF nanocomposite fabrics. The 0.50 wt% talc/PVDF nanocomposite fabric based nanogenerator produced an open-circuit voltage and power density of 9.1 V and 1.12 μW/cm2, respectively under repetitive finger imparting mode (under a load of 3.8 N). Further, the nanogenerator was also subjected to frequency modulated-shaker mode, wherein an output voltage of 8.9 V was produced. Improved flexibility, mechanical robustness, and enhanced piezoelectric responsiveness of this nanogenerator could possibly pave way to its use in portable self –powered devices.