EMI and microwave absorbing efficiency of polyaniline-functionalized reduced graphene oxide/γ-Fe2O3/epoxy nanocomposite†
Polyaniline-decorated reduced graphene oxide/ferrite nanofiller (RGPF) prepared by the solution mixing method in three different ratios (1 : 3, 1 : 1 and 3 : 1) of polyaniline-decorated reduced graphene oxide and ferrite have been studied for microwave absorption properties in defence application. The polyaniline-decorated reduced graphene oxide/ferrite and neat ferrite nano-fillers have been used for the preparation of an epoxy nanocomposite (RGPFE) of 60 wt%. The distribution of the RGPF nanofiller in the epoxy matrix was analyzed by field emission scanning electron microscopy. Further, thermal gravimetric analyses revealed the excellent thermal stability of the nanocomposites. A vibrating sample magnetometer was employed to find out the magnetic behavior of the prepared nanocomposites. The complex permittivity and permeability were investigated to evaluate the principal properties in the frequency range from 2 to 18 GHz. These results show that an epoxy nanocomposite with 60 wt% RGPF filler in the ratio of 3 : 1 has maximum dielectric loss. Finally, these electromagnetic data were used to calculate the reflection loss of the epoxy nanocomposites, and showed good agreement between the calculated and measured data of these nanocomposites. The minimum reflection loss was observed as −10.26 dB in the X band with a thickness of 3.0 mm, and the bandwidth was 8.47 GHz for RL ≤−10 dB. On the basis of the above observations, these nanocomposites could be a good candidate for electromagnetic interference shielding (EMI) and microwave absorption applications.