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An overview of viscoelastic phase separation in epoxy based blends

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Abstract

The viscoelastic effects during reaction induced phase separation play an important role in toughening epoxy-based blends. The large difference in molecular weight/glass transition temperature between the blend components before the curing reaction results in dynamic asymmetry, causing viscoelastic effects during phase separation accompanying the curing reaction. This review will focus on the key factors responsible for viscoelastic phase separation in epoxy-based blends and hybrid nanocomposites. Time-resolved characterization techniques such as rheometry, small angle laser light scattering, optical microscopy etc., are mainly used for monitoring the viscoelastic effects during phase separation. Incorporation of nanofillers in epoxy thermoplastic blends enhances the viscoelastic phase separation due to the increase in dynamic asymmetry. Different theoretical models are identified for the determination of processing parameters such as temperature, viscosity, phase domain size, and other parameters during the viscoelastic phase separation process. The effect of viscoelastic phase separation has a very strong influence on the domain parameters of the blends and thereby on the ultimate properties and applications.

Graphical abstract: An overview of viscoelastic phase separation in epoxy based blends

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Article information


Submitted
01 Dec 2019
Accepted
27 Feb 2020
First published
27 Feb 2020

Soft Matter, 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Review Article

An overview of viscoelastic phase separation in epoxy based blends

A. Surendran, J. Joy, J. Parameswaranpillai, S. Anas and S. Thomas, Soft Matter, 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9SM02361E

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