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Issue 7, 2020
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Photosensitizing ruthenium(ii)–dye multilayers: photoinduced charge separation and back electron transfer suppression

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Abstract

Photocatalytic H2 evolution activity of three types of Ru(II)-photosensitizer(PS)-multilayered Pt-cocatalyst loaded TiO2 nanoparticles, RuCP2@Pt–TiO2, RuCP2–Zr–RuP6@Pt–TiO2, and RuCP2–Zr–RuP4–Zr–RuP6@Pt–TiO2 were investigated in the presence of the redox-reversible iodide electron donor aqueous solution. The apparent quantum yield (AQY) significantly improved by about 40 times by increasing the number of Ru(II)–PS layers and decreasing the loading amount of Pt cocatalyst on the surface of TiO2 nanoparticles. The zeta potential measurement suggests that the Zr4+ cations between the PS-layers acted as the iodide capturing sites to promote the electron donation. Photocurrent–voltage characteristics of the Ru(II)–PS-multilayered photoelectrodes RuCP2@TiO2–ITO, RuCP2–Zr–RuP6@TiO2–ITO, and RuCP2–Zr–RuP4–Zr–RuP6@TiO2–ITO in aqueous I/I3 electrolyte solution revealed that the thicker Ru(II)–PS-layer with the Zr4+ cations contributes not only to suppressing the back electron transfer from Pt–TiO2 surface to the oxidized iodine species but also to enhancing the photoinduced electron injection.

Graphical abstract: Photosensitizing ruthenium(ii)–dye multilayers: photoinduced charge separation and back electron transfer suppression

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
29 Jan 2020
Accepted
22 Apr 2020
First published
23 Apr 2020

Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2020,4, 3450-3457
Article type
Paper

Photosensitizing ruthenium(II)–dye multilayers: photoinduced charge separation and back electron transfer suppression

N. Yoshimura, A. Kobayashi, W. Genno, T. Okubo, M. Yoshida and M. Kato, Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2020, 4, 3450
DOI: 10.1039/D0SE00151A

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